Construction employment gains, losses vary greatly by metro area in California: AGC

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Construction employment increased in nearly three out of four U.S. metro areas in January compared to a year ago, according to an by the Associated General Contractors (AGC) of America of new government employment data. Association officials welcomed the widespread job gains but cautioned that contractors in many areas are having trouble finding enough qualified workers to return to pre-pandemic levels amid tight labor market conditions.

Employment data for California communities varied greatly. For example, employment increased in San Francisco by 4 percent (1,600 jobs) but in nearby Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley it declined by 5 percent, with a loss of 3,400 jobs. This loss was one of the greatest in the nation, according to AGC data.

The percentage loss was even greater in San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, which lost 9 percent (or 900) jobs.

Statewide, construction employment grew by about 1 percent, or slightly more than 10,000 workers in a labor force of about 858,000.

See detailed local breakdowns below. Data includes employment levels in January 2021, January 2022, the numerical change, percentage change, and national ranking. In smaller markets, mining and logging jobs are lumped in with construction.

  • Statewide Construction 847,900 858,200 10,300 1%
  • Statewide Mining, Logging, and Construction 866,300 877,100 10,800 1%
  • Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine Div. Construction 99,000 97,300 -1,700 -2% 315
  • Bakersfield Construction 15,200 14,800 -400 -3% 328
  • Chico Mining, Logging, and Construction 4,100 4,000 -100 -2% 315
  • El Centro Mining, Logging, and Construction 1,900 1,800 -100 -5% 344
  • Fresno Construction 18,600 19,100 500 3% 170
  • Hanford-Corcoran Mining, Logging, and Construction 1,000 1,000 0 0% 262
  • Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale Div. Construction 146,000 150,700 4,700 3% 170
  • Madera Mining, Logging, and Construction 2,100 2,100 0 0% 262
  • Merced Mining, Logging, and Construction 3,000 3,200 200 7% 74
  • Modesto Mining, Logging, and Construction 9,600 10,100 500 5% 111
  • Napa Mining, Logging, and Construction 4,200 4,200 0 0% 2
  • Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley Div. Construction 70,600 67,200 -3,400 -5% 344
  • Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura Construction 16,300 16,500 200 1% 244
  • Redding Mining, Logging, and Construction 4,000 4,200 200 5% 111
  • Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario Construction 104,900 103,900 -1,000 -1% 301
  • Sacramento–Roseville–Arden-Arcade Construction 70,000 72,000 2,000 3% 170
  • Salinas Construction 6,200 6,200 0 0% 262
  • San Diego-Carlsbad Construction 80,700 81,600 900 1% 244
  • San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco Construction 40,600 42,200 1,600 4% 140
  • San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara Construction 50,000 51,200 1,200 2% 208
  • San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande Mining, Logging, and Construction 9,700 8,800 -900 -9% 355
  • San Rafael Div. Construction 7,200 7,400 200 3% 170

“Construction employment is now increasing in most areas after a rough first year of the pandemic,” said AGC chief economist Ken Simonson. “But contractors recently have had more unfilled positions at the end of each month than they have been able to fill.”

Job openings in construction totaled 384,000 at the end of January, an increase of 81,000 or nearly 27 percent from January 2021, according to the government’s latest Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. That figure exceeded the 259,000 employees that construction firms were able to hire in January, implying firms would have added over twice as many workers if they had been able to fill all openings, Simonson pointed out.

Construction employment rose in 261 or 73 percent of 358 metro areas in 2021. Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas added the most construction jobs (10,300 jobs, 5 percent), followed by the Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas metro division (7,600 jobs, 5 percent); Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga. (7,100 jobs, 6 percent); and the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. division (4,700 jobs, 3 percent). Cheyenne, Wyo. had the highest percentage gain (47 percent, 1,400 jobs), followed by Lake Charles, La. (21 percent, 3,100 jobs); Weirton-Steubenville, W. Va.-Ohio (21 percent, 300 jobs); and Bloomington, Ill. (20 percent, 500 jobs).

Construction employment declined from a year earlier in 58 metros and was flat in 39. New York City lost the most jobs (-8,100 or -6 percent), followed by the Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, Calif. division (-3,400 jobs, -5 percent) and Northern Virginia, Va. (-2,400 jobs, -3 percent). The largest percentage declines were in Sierra Vista-Douglas, Ariz. (-31 percent, -900 jobs); Danville, Ill. (-17 percent, -100 jobs); Tuscaloosa, Ala. (-9 percent, -600 jobs); and San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, Calif. (-9 percent, -900 jobs).

Association officials said firms would have likely added more workers during the past year if they could have found qualified candidates to hire. They urged federal, state and local officials to create more programs to expose learners and adults to construction skills and career opportunities to ensure more workers benefit from increasing federal infrastructure investments.

“Now that Washington is boosting infrastructure funding, public officials should take steps to encourage more people to pursue high-paying careers in construction,” said Stephen E. Sandherr, the association’s chief executive officer. “This industry has the capacity to put many more people into the American middle class.”

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